Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and type-2 diabetes are both metabolic diseases that affect women, but they can also affect men. PCOS and T2D are caused by insulin resistance which causes high blood glucose levels in the body. Many symptoms of PCOS and T2D include excessive weight gain around the stomach area; irregular menstrual periods; a higher risk for heart attacks, stroke, or other serious conditions such as depression or anxiety.
What is PCOS?
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder among women. It affects the reproductive organs, and it’s linked to several other health conditions, including infertility and diabetes.
- PCOS causes your body to produce too much androgen, responsible for male characteristics like facial hair and excess testosterone production in men. In women with PCOS, this can lead to acne or increased hair growth on the face or body and male-pattern baldness in some cases.
- Women with polycystic ovaries often experience irregular periods; some have no menstrual period at all, while others experience heavy bleeding during their periods (also known as hypermenorrhea). This may be caused by an imbalance between estrogen and progesterone levels—estrogen stimulates the proliferation of the lining inside your uterus while progesterone inhibits it from growing too fast—and can make you feel tired during your period because there isn’t enough progesterone available to balance out how much estrogen there already is at work during that time every month when you’re supposed to be getting ready for conception instead.”
What is type 2 diabetes?
In the United States alone, over 30 million people have type 2 diabetes. This is a condition where your body has trouble making or using insulin effectively, leading to a high blood sugar rate and an increased risk of health complications such as heart disease, kidney failure, and amputations.
Type-2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes because it was mostly seen in adults over 40. Many teens today have developed this condition by the time they reach adulthood! Today it’s becoming more common among younger people, especially those with a family history of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is not something you can manage on your own—you need medical help from doctors and healthcare professionals who specialize in this disease.
What are the symptoms of PCOS and type 2 diabetes?
PCOS and type 2 diabetes have a lot of symptoms in common. Both conditions can cause menstrual irregularities, infertility, acne, and excess hair growth on the face, body, or both.
Diabetes is usually associated with high blood pressure and elevated cholesterol levels. And it can lead to heart disease and stroke.
In contrast to diabetes type 1—which usually develops in childhood—type 2 often occurs when people are older than 40 years old.
How to prevent PCOS
While there is no cure for PCOS, it’s still possible to manage your symptoms and get your health back on track. To prevent PCOS from occurring in the first place, try these lifestyle changes:
- Eat a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables. Avoid processed foods and excess sugar in favor of whole grains, lean protein (like beans), low-fat dairy products, healthy fats (such as olive oil), and lots of colorful produce.
- Exercise regularly—even if you have a busy schedule or don’t feel like it—and aim for at least 30 mins most days of the week. Try brisk walking outside or on a treadmill, biking; swimming laps at an indoor pool; taking an aerobics class; weight training with light weights twice weekly; yoga or Pilates classes once weekly (or daily if they’re easily accessible).
- Lose weight if overweight (over 25% over your ideal body mass index [BMI]). If losing weight isn’t possible right now because of other health issues such as type 2 diabetes, focus on keeping active so that insulin resistance doesn’t worsen over time.
How to prevent type 2 diabetes
You can also prevent type 2 diabetes by:
- Eating a healthy diet. Eat less sugar, trans fats, and saturated fats to reduce your risk of developing blood sugar problems.
- Exercising regularly. Walking 30 minutes a day is recommended for most people, but it’s important to check with your doctor to ensure that you’re healthy enough for exercise and have the right shoes for walking safely on sidewalks or trails.
- Maintaining a healthy weight. Being overweight or underweight raises the risk of type 2 diabetes because excess body fat causes a change in the way your body uses insulin, which may lead to insulin resistance (a condition where cells don’t respond properly to insulin).
There are many ways to prevent and cure PCOS and T2D.
There are many ways to prevent and cure PCOS and T2D. Some of the best methods include:
- Avoiding excess weight gain can be difficult for someone diagnosed with PCOS or T2D. But it’s crucial to try if you don’t want to have diabetes complications such as nerve damage, kidney disease, heart disease, or stroke.
- Eat a healthy diet full of fruits and vegetables while limiting your portions, so you don’t overeat. If you already have diabetes, talk to your doctor about what foods might make your glucose levels spike (or drop). Your doctor can also suggest other ways to manage your blood sugar levels more effectively if they’re not within an acceptable range—these may include insulin therapy or oral medicines like metformin (Glucophage).
A lifestyle change is the best way to fight PCOS and type 2 diabetes. Eating more fruits, vegetables, grains, and lean meats can reduce your risk of diabetes by up to 40%. You should also exercise regularly and monitor your weight.