5/5 - (1 vote)

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome – PCOS

PCOS causes hormonal imbalance in females leading to abnormal menstrual periods and infertility. It also leads to insulin resistance, and more than half of the women over the age of 40 develop Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Causes

The root cause of PCOS is still undiscovered, but the following factors may lead to PCOS: 

  • Low-grade inflammation
  • Insulin resistance 
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Genetics
  • Hormone imbalance
    • Raised levels of testosterone
    • Raised levels of luteinizing hormone (L.H.)
    • Low levels of sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG)
    • Raised levels of prolactin
PCOS symptoms

Symptoms

Apart from cysts on the ovaries, symptoms of PCOS include:

  • Irregular menses
  • Sleep apnea
  • High-stress levels
  • High blood pressure
  • Excess androgen levels
  • Acne, oily skin, and dandruff
  • Excessive facial and body hair growth, known as hirsutism
  • Female pattern balding
  • Skin tags
  • Infertility 
  • High cholesterol and triglycerides
  • Acanthosis nigricans, or dark patches of skin
  • Fatigue 
  • Insulin resistance
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Pelvic pain
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Weight management difficulties, including weight gain or difficulty losing weight
  • Decreased libido

Diagnosis

To diagnose PCOS, the following tests are performed:

  • Physical test (Pelvic exam)
  • Ultrasound (Transvaginal ultrasound)
  • Blood tests

Treatment

Treatments for PCOS depend on many factors, including your age, health, and complications. It may also depend on whether you want to get pregnant in the future or not.

PCOS affected women who are planning to get pregnant in the future can include the following in their treatment plan:

  • Healthy diet
  • More physical activity
  • Medications that facilitate ovulation
    • Clomiphene
    • Letrozole (Femara)
    • Metformin
    • Gonadotropins

While women who are not planning to get pregnant can include the following:

  • Diabetes medication if needed
  • Birth control pills
  • Progestin therapy
  • Medication to treat other symptoms
    • Spironolactone 
    • Eflornithine
    • Statins
    • Orlistat
  • Healthy diet
  • More physical activity

Prevention

There are no proven ways to prevent PCOS, but you can take the following steps to reduce its symptoms:

  • Eat healthy and nutritious food
  • Exercise daily
  • Manage your weight
  • Take medications for the symptoms
diagnosis and treatment Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome
When You Should Consult The Doctor

When You Should Consult The Doctor

If you face any of the following risk factors, you should consult your doctor for a proper check-up. 

  • Missed or irregular periods
  • Excessive hair loss
  • Abnormal hair growth on the face and other parts of the body
  • Failing to get pregnant even after trying for more than 12 months
  • Symptoms of diabetes (such as excessive thirst or hunger)
  • Unexpected weight gain
  • Acne

Looking For A Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Specialist Houston, Tx?

If you are facing PCOS problems and want to get yourself checked, then you are at the right place.

Houston Endocrine center has the best Doctors for PCOS treatment. Having polycystic ovarian symptoms or syndrome is a major issue you must resolve as soon as possible. The PCOS specialists working in our medical center are the best at PCOS treatment. Request an appointment with our specialist doctors to resolve your problems.

Request An Appointment