5/5 - (2 votes)

Diabetes Education

Making dietary changes is crucial in managing diabetes mellitus. Carbohydrate counting is needed for bolus insulin dosing in type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. We work with multiple certified diabetes educators and registered dietitians. Our expert dieticians will work closely with you in accomplishing your goals.

  • Self-management training for prediabetes, as well as type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes
  • A baseline diabetes assessment
  • A customized plan that fits your lifestyle.

Causes

The causes of type 1 diabetes is autoimmunity to beta cells of pancreas. Our own immune system starts attacking the pancreas to destroy insulin-producing beta cells. According to numerous researches conducted to identify the reason, it is said that type 1 diabetes can be caused by:

  • Genetics
  • Environmental factor (Any virus that causes the immune system to misbehave)

Not always, but causes associated with type 2 diabetes are:

  • Poor lifestyle
  • Genetics and family history
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Insulin resistance 
  • Insulinopenia

While the causes of gestational diabetes in pregnant women can include:

  • Hormonal changes 
  • Overweight 
  • Genetics

Some other causes of diabetes can be:

  • Genetic mutations
    • Monogenic diabetes
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Hemochromatosis
  • Hormonal diseases
    • Cushing’s syndrome
    • Acromegaly
    • Hyperthyroidism
  • Any damage to the pancreas or a complete removal
    • Pancreatitis
    • Pancreatic cancer
    • Trauma
  • Medications
    • Glucocorticoids
    • Pentamidine 
    • Statins
    • Niacin 
    • Anti-rejection medicines
    • Anti-seizure drugs
    • Certain types of diuretics 
    • HIV drugs
    • Psychiatric drugs
diabetes causes
diabetes Symptoms

Symptoms

Some general symptoms of diabetes include:

  • Fatigue
  • Unexpected weight loss
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased hunger
  • Excessive urination
  • Sores that do not heal
  • Blurred vision
  • Heart trouble
  • Numbness or tingling in hands and feet

All of the above can be the symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes except sores. It is a symptom of type 2 diabetes only. There are no symptoms of gestational diabetes. It is diagnosed during routine check-ups. However, a woman with gestational diabetes can experience excessive thirst and frequent urination.

Symptoms in men include:

  • Decreased sex drive
  • Erectile dysfunction (E.D.)
  • Poor muscle strength

Symptoms in women include:

  • Urinary tract infections (UTI)
  • Yeast infections
  • Dry and itchy skin

Diagnosis

The following tests are used to diagnose diabetes and prediabetes:

  • Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test (Prediabetes range: 5.7 to 6.4; Diabetes range: 6.5 or above)
  • Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test (Prediabetes range: 100 to 125; Diabetes range: 126 or above)
  • Random plasma glucose (RPG) test (Diabetes range: 200 or above)

To diagnose gestational diabetes, the following tests are used:

  • Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) (Prediabetes range: 140 to 199; Diabetes range: 200 or above)
  • Glucose challenge test

As the symptoms of diabetes are not as evident, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) has recommended the screening guidelines for diabetes for the following people:

  • People with a body mass index (BDI) higher than 25 (23 for Asian Americans).
  • People older than 45 years
  • Women who ever had gestational diabetes
  • People with prediabetes
diabetes Diagnosis
diabetes Treatment

Treatment

Blood sugar monitoring, insulin, and oral medications can play a role in the treatment of diabetes, depending on its type. Some available treatments recommended for all types of diabetes include:

  •  Eating healthy food
  • Exercise
  • Maintaining an ideal weight

However, there are some treatments associated with each type of diabetes. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes can be treated through:

  • Insulin
  • Monitoring blood sugar
  • Oral medications
    • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
    • Sulfonylureas
    • Biguanides
    • Meglitinides
    • DPP-4 inhibitors
    • SGLT2 inhibitors
    • Thiazolidinediones
    • Glucagon-like peptides
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Pancreas transplantation

On the other hand, to treat gestational diabetes, you must maintain a healthy lifestyle throughout your pregnancy. You can add healthy food and exercise to your routine. In addition, your treatment plan may include monitoring your blood sugar several times a day to ensure the healthy development of your baby. In some cases, doctors may recommend you to take insulin or oral medications, such as metformin, that are safe for you and your baby.

Prevention

It is not possible to prevent type 1 diabetes. Some risk factors causing type 2 and gestational diabetes, such as genetics and family history, can not be prevented. However, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help you prevent type 2 and gestational diabetes. 

You can take the following preventive measure to avoid diabetes:

  • Lose you weight
  • Eat healthy food
  • Exercise more
diabetes Prevention
When You Should Consult The Doctor

When You Should Consult The Doctor

If you can relate yourself to any of the following risk factors of diabetes, you should visit your doctor for a blood sugar level test:

  • Family history
  • Environmental factors
  • The presence of immune system cells that may damage the pancreas (autoantibodies)
  • Weight
  • Poor lifestyle
  • Age
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • High blood pressure
  • Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels
  • Specific race and ethnicity (such as African, Hispanic, American Indian, and Asian American)
  • Specific geographical locations ( such as Finland and Sweden)

Looking For Diabetes Specialist in Houston, Tx

Diabetes is known as the mother of all diseases. No one wants themselves to be slaves of injections to survive, but life happens so does diabetes.

There are many diabetes centers, but Houston Endocrine center is one of the best diabetes centers in Houston, Texas, with great Doctors specializing in their specific fields. Houston Endocrine center is the most visited diabetes clinic in Houston, tx, because it has diabetes specialist doctors who treat their patients sincerely.

Request An Appointment