The thyroid gland is an endocrine organ that lies in the neck and regulates metabolism. The thyroid hormones regulate many body processes, including growth and development, heart rate, and blood pressure.
Thyroid disorders more commonly occur in women than men of all ages. There are many types of thyroid disorders, and some of them have very serious effects on the body. Let’s see some diet controls that can be done to prevent these diseases.
What Is a Thyroid?
You may not know it, but your neck has a thyroid gland. The gland produces two hormones that regulate the body’s metabolism and growth. The hormones are released into the bloodstream, influencing how fast or slow cells work.
The speed at which your body’s cells operate is called the metabolic rate, and it’s one of the most important factors affecting weight loss and weight gain.
For example, suppose your metabolic rate is very low (perhaps because you’ve been sick). If you will burn fewer calories throughout the day than someone whose metabolic rate is high—and as a result of this difference in calorie use between people with different metabolic rates, both individuals could end up eating the same amount of food yet still gain or lose weight!
What Are The Disorders Related To The Thyroid?
This is a condition where the thyroid gland produces too many T3 and T4 hormones. It is more common in women, especially with age. Symptoms include weight loss, anxiety, nervousness, and extreme fatigue.
It’s the opposite of hyperthyroidism; the thyroid does not produce enough hormones for one’s body to function normally. A goiter is usually present when low levels of these hormones are in your system. Symptoms include:
- Weight gain (especially around the midsection).
- Dry skin.
- Hair loss on top of your head or eyebrows falling out entirely.
Types Of Thyroid Disorders?
You may have heard of several thyroid disorders: Hashimoto’s disease, Graves’, subacute thyroiditis, postpartum thyroiditis, and multinodular goiter. But what do they all mean?
- Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disorder that causes the body to attack the thyroid gland. This can lead to hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid) or hyperthyroidism (an overactive one).
- Graves’ disease is another autoimmune disorder that affects the immune system. It causes your thyroid gland to produce too much hormone, leading to hyperthyroidism.
- Subacute thyroiditis occurs when inflammation in your thyroid gland is due to an infection or autoimmune reaction. Symptoms include fever and pain around your neck area—which usually resolves on its own within six weeks without treatment.
- Postpartum thyroiditis occurs after childbirth when the body undergoes hormonal changes; it affects about 1% of women who give birth each year. Most women will recover fully within a year after delivery with proper care from medical professionals.
Why Do Thyroid Disorders Occur?
Thyroid disorders can be caused by various factors, including genetics, stress, and environmental toxins. Additionally, certain lifestyle choices can increase your risk for thyroid disease.
If you are concerned about the health of your thyroid gland or want to know how it might affect your diet, consult with a doctor for help evaluating the pros and cons of different foods concerning your condition.
How Can We Prevent it?
Several factors can lead to thyroid dysfunction. Some of these include:
- Eating a balanced diet: Eating foods rich in iodine, such as seafood and dairy products, may help prevent thyroid disease.
- Drinking plenty of water: Hydration is key for the normal function of the body’s organs, including the thyroid gland.
- Avoid smoking and alcohol: Smoking damages blood vessels and reduces blood flow to tissues, while alcohol interferes with the integration of iodine by your thyroid gland.
What Is The Cure For The Thyroid?
You may be able to alter the effects of your condition by taking thyroid medication. Your doctor may suggest surgery, radiation therapy, lithotripsy, or laser therapy.
These treatments can slow down the rate at which your thyroid gland grows and reduce its size. However, if you do not want to undergo any of these treatments or if they don’t work for you, there are still other things that you can do to control your condition.
You may take steps to reduce your stress levels, eat a healthy diet and get plenty of exercise. You may also consider taking herbal supplements such as rosemary, sage, thyme, and cilantro. These are effective against tumors and other growths in the body.
Treatment For Thyroid?
There are several treatments for thyroid disorders.
These include the following:
- Thyroid hormone replacement therapy (THRT). THRT is the most common form of treatment for hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. It involves taking a pill daily to replace the thyroid hormones that aren’t being produced by your body.
- Radioactive iodine therapy (RAI). RAI involves taking radioactive iodine to destroy overactive cells in certain tumors, including nodules and papillary cancers.
RAI doesn’t require surgery or hospitalization, but it’s not suitable for everyone with these conditions. You’ll need additional treatments if you have Graves’ disease or another type of thyroid tumor that’s not controlled by RAI alone.
- Surgery may be an option if there are problems with one side or both sides of your thyroid gland; this includes a goiter (swelling from an enlarged gland) or large nodule(s) in your neck that can cause difficulty swallowing or breathing normally -a condition known as stridor (difficulty breathing).
Surgery may also be recommended if you have cancerous growths on your thyroid gland and want them removed completely since they won’t go away independently without treatment.
One of the most important dietary changes you can make to support your thyroid is exercise. Exercise not only helps to reduce stress levels and improve mood, but it also releases endorphins—chemicals in the brain that make you feel good.
Endorphins are produced when you exercise, which helps people sleep better and lose weight.
They also trigger a response that blocks pain signals from reaching the brain, making exercise an effective way to manage chronic pain conditions such as fibromyalgia and osteoarthritis.
Diet control is any measure you take to attempt to manage the thyroid gland. Diet controls can be very helpful in helping your body deal with an overactive or underactive thyroid gland. Still, they are not a substitute for medication if you have severe symptoms.
Certain foods can aggravate the symptoms of an overactive or underactive thyroid by interfering with hormone levels or triggering other reactions that make it harder for your body to process hormones correctly.
In general, foods rich in iodine, selenium, and vitamin A should be avoided by people suffering from hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid).
Goitrogenic foods (thyroid-suppressant), such as cabbage and cassava root, should also be avoided if you have hyperthyroidism because they reduce the uptake of iodine by the thyroid gland.
Diet For Hypothyroidism
The following foods are good for hypothyroidism:
- Fish, such as salmon and sardines
- Sea vegetables, like kelp and dulse
- Eggs contain choline, that’s good for the thyroid gland.
Avoid these foods:
- Raw cruciferous vegetables (e.g., broccoli and cauliflower) may inhibit thyroid function. Cooked vegetables are fine to eat in moderation.
Diet For hyperthyroidism
If you have hyperthyroidism, it’s important to avoid certain foods that can worsen your symptoms.
- Caffeine is a stimulant that may make your heart beat faster and raise blood pressure. It’s found in coffee, tea, and some soft drinks.
- Alcohol can dehydrate the body, making it harder for the thyroid to produce hormones within normal levels.
- Spicy foods irritate an already inflamed thyroid gland (the part of the body that makes thyroid hormones). They can also increase heart rate and cause sweating, exacerbating symptoms like fatigue and heat intolerance.
Some people with hyperthyroidism have digestive issues from eating dairy, which causes gas and bloating as well as weight gain if consumed regularly over time without proper intake of minerals or vitamins needed by our bodies to absorb all nutrients properly.
It is important to know that your thyroid does not control your weight. You can still lose or gain weight even when your thyroid is healthy and working properly.
However, if you are struggling with weight loss and have found no other cause (like a lack of exercise), it may be time to check in with your doctor about how much iodine there is in your diet.