Normal pituitary gland function in children is important for proper growth, development, and bone formation. If the pituitary gland does not work properly or is too small, it can lead to a serious condition called hypopituitarism. This article will help you understand what normal pituitary gland function in children is and how an enlarged pituitary gland affects them.

Normal Pituitary Gland Function in Children

What is the pituitary gland?

It is a small, pea-sized endocrine gland that sits at the base of your brain. It’s part of the hypothalamus and acts as a control center for other organs in your body.

The pituitary gland produces hormones that regulate bodily functions such as growth and metabolism and control important bodily processes such as menstruation and pregnancy. In some cases, it can produce non-hormonal substances such as oxytocin (called “the love hormone”).

The pituitary gland is very sensitive to damage and can be easily injured. If you have an injury or trauma to the head, the pituitary gland can become damaged and may need attention from a medical professional.

If you experience a blow to the head or find yourself in an accident, it’s important to get checked out by a doctor. Even if you feel fine after the injury, it’s possible that your pituitary gland has been damaged and needs attention from a specialist.

What is a normal pituitary gland function?

Normal pituitary gland function is the production of hormones. The pituitary gland produces growth hormone and prolactin, which are important to a child’s development.

The pituitary gland secretes its hormones into the bloodstream via a portal system that connects the hypothalamus to the anterior pituitary. A normal amount of hormone will be produced by the hypothalamus and then sent to the other parts of your child’s body through this portal system.

Parents need to know about their child’s normal pituitary function because it can help them identify problems early on if there is an issue with how much or how often their child produces these important chemicals in their bodies.

How does the pituitary gland work?

The pituitary gland is a small gland at the base of your brain that produces hormones that control your growth, metabolism, and other functions. The pituitary gland constantly monitors messages from other glands in your body (including the thyroid, adrenal, and testicles) to determine whether it needs to release or stop releasing a specific hormone at any given time.

The bloodstream carries hormones to organs and tissues throughout the body. They act as chemical messengers between cells in an organ, telling them what they should be doing.

The hormones produced by your pituitary gland include follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), human growth hormone (HGH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and dopamine.

Are there any problems with this function in children?

If your child has a pituitary gland problem, they will likely be diagnosed with one of these conditions:

  • A pituitary gland tumor
  • A pituitary gland cyst
  • A pituitary gland adenoma
  • A pituitary gland prolapse 
  • A pituitary gland hyperplasia.
  • A pituitary gland stroke 
  • A pituitary gland hemorrhage

A pituitary gland does not affect children, but parents should still care for it.


Many of the symptoms of pituitary gland tumors are similar to those of other conditions, so they can be difficult to diagnose. The most common symptom is headaches, but many others could also indicate a tumor on your pituitary gland. The only way to get a proper diagnosis and treatment is by seeing an endocrinologist who specializes in this area and has experience with children’s growth disorders.